Windows 10 editions significant differences
Features in all editions except Home
Joining a domain and Group Policy management
In other words, you cannot join Windows Home computer to Windows server domain controller. The server with the domain controller connected to many PCs is a frequent setup in organisations where there is a need to control many computers, settings and data simultaneously. Windows Home computers still can access shared data without a Domain Controller, such as One Drive, emails in Outlook, Gmail, data on DropBox, Google Drive, file servers etc.
BitLocker and Encrypting File System
It is a possibility of encrypting disk or volume or the entire computer.
It is an isolated, temporary desktop environment where you can run untrusted software without impacting your PC. Any software installed in Windows Sandbox stays only in the sandbox and cannot affect your host. Once Windows Sandbox is closed, all the software with all its files and state are permanently deleted.
It is a Windows Server Virtualization - the possibility to create and run virtual machines running Windows versions from XP to 10 and Linux.
Assigned Access 8.1
Point-of-sale and kiosk modes. Those are locked-down modes where users are limited to use selected applications only.
The feature of Windows is to act (called decisions such as a grant or block access ) on the specified user action, called signals, such as opening a specific document.
It is a combination of hardware and software features that lock a device down to only run trusted applications.
Other features not available in Windows 10 Home
Microsoft Azure Active Directory, Private catalogue, Windows Analytics and Windows Information Protection.
Windows 10 Enterprise specific features
Telemetry - DiagTrack service
You can easily switch telemetry off only in Enterprise edition. All other Windows 10 versions have telemetry on by default. However, an IT specialist can disable it manually. Windows 10 telemetry feature periodically sends usage and performance data. Microsoft claims that telemetry helps improve user experience and fix issues. Example of what was sent to Microsoft: Hardware attributes such as CPU, installed memory, storage, uptime, sleep details, number of crashes or hangs, list of installed apps and drivers.
Other Enterprise specific features
Remote Direct Memory Access, AppLocker, BranchCache, Credential Guard, Microsoft App-V, Microsoft Desktop Optimization Pack (MDOP), UE-V, Start screen control with Group Policy, User experience control and lockdown.
|XP mode to run old programs||N||Y||Y|
|Backup data to a network storage automatically||N||Y||Y|
|Different users accounts on the same PC can have Windows menus in 35 different languages||N||N||Y|
Also there are 32 and 64 bit versions. Generally 64's are for modern dual core CPUs and 32s are for old Pentiums 4 and some laptops and portables.